Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 18, 2017
Previous Article Next Article

Comparison of six derivatizing agents for the determination of nine synthetic cathinones using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Author affiliations

Abstract

Six acylation reagents have been compared for their derivatisation potential towards nine synthetic cathinones by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The evaluated reagents were pentafluoropropionic anhydride (PFPA), trifluoroacetic anhydride (TFA), chlorodifluoroacetic anhydride (CLF2AA), heptafluorobutyric anhydride (HFBA), acetic anhydride (AA) and propionic anhydride (PA). The synthetic cathinones included flephedrone (4-fluoromethcathinone or 4-FMC), mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone or 4-MMC), pentedrone (also known as α-methylamino-valerophenone), methedrone (4-methoxy-N-methcathinone, p-methoxymethcathinone), methylone (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone or bk-MDMA), butylone (β-keto-N-methylbenzodioxolylbutanamine or bk-MBDB), ethylone (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylcathinone MDEC or bk-MDEA), pyrovalerone (4-methyl-β-keto-prolintane) and 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV). The derivatizing agents were optimised for incubation time and temperature with some important validation parameters studied to evaluate derivatisation reactions. The anhydrides studied proved to be suitable for synthetic cathinones – all of them showing RSD and accuracy below 20%. PFPA and HFBA followed by TFA are the best choice of derivatising agents based on validation parameters. Five internal standards were evaluated with good results. Three way ANOVA, interference, fragmentation patterns and high peak area values at a concentration of 0.50 μg ml−1 were evaluated and discussed. AA and PA derivatives give high relative abundance for most drugs examined. HFBA gives more ions and multi-fragmentation patterns.

Graphical abstract: Comparison of six derivatizing agents for the determination of nine synthetic cathinones using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 06 Mar 2017, accepted on 07 Apr 2017 and first published on 03 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7AY00597K
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2017,9, 2732-2743
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
  •   Request permissions

    Comparison of six derivatizing agents for the determination of nine synthetic cathinones using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

    K. A. Alsenedi and C. Morrison, Anal. Methods, 2017, 9, 2732
    DOI: 10.1039/C7AY00597K

    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

    Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

    • For reproduction of material from NJC:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
      [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
    • For reproduction of material from PPS:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

    Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements