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Issue 6, 2016
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Enhanced thermoelectric performance in p-type polycrystalline SnSe benefiting from texture modulation

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Abstract

Tin selenide (SnSe) compound has attracted much attention due to its unprecedented high ZT (∼2.6) in single crystals. The polycrystalline SnSe materials were then prepared to improve the mechanical performance for large-scaled application. However, the ZT values of 0.3–0.8 were much lower due to their poor electrical properties. In the present study, the zone melting method is employed to prepare the polycrystalline SnSe samples, which show highly textured structures and strong anisotropic thermoelectric performance. A maximum power factor (S2σ) of 9.8 μW cm−1 K−2 was obtained in the polycrystalline samples, which is comparable with that of SnSe single crystals, resulting in a peak ZT of 0.92 at 873 K. The zone-melted ingot was then pulverized into powders and the bulk material was prepared by the spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique. As a result, the ZT value was enhanced to be over 1.0, owing to the slight reduction of lattice thermal conductivity and maintenance of electrical performance. The present investigation indicates that the TE performance of the SnSe compound can be significantly improved by the texture modulation.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced thermoelectric performance in p-type polycrystalline SnSe benefiting from texture modulation

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Nov 2015, accepted on 04 Jan 2016 and first published on 05 Jan 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5TC03652F
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Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016,4, 1201-1207
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    Enhanced thermoelectric performance in p-type polycrystalline SnSe benefiting from texture modulation

    Y. Fu, J. Xu, G. Liu, J. Yang, X. Tan, Z. Liu, H. Qin, H. Shao, H. Jiang, B. Liang and J. Jiang, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016, 4, 1201
    DOI: 10.1039/C5TC03652F

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