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Issue 11, 2016
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TiNb2O7/graphene composites as high-rate anode materials for lithium/sodium ion batteries

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Abstract

Layered TiNb2O7/graphene composites (TNO/G) were synthesized through simple direct dispersion and blending in an aqueous solvent followed by a freeze drying process and an annealing treatment under Ar. The graphene sheets are well separated by TiNb2O7 (TNO) nanoparticles, and simultaneously, the TNO particles are uniformly anchored between the graphene sheets. The combined advantages of graphene sheets and TNO, such as the weight ratio and layered structure, exhibit tremendous benefits for high rate Li ion capability reaching around 180 mA h g−1 at a current density of 38.7 A g−1 (100C rate). Through the synergistic effects of their combination the total specific capacity of TNO/G is higher than the sum of the specific capacity of pure TNO and graphene in their relative ratios. For the study of Na ion capability, as graphene is an active material during the de-sodiation process, a reversible capacity of 340.2 mA h g−1 was obtained from this TNO/G at a current density of 25 mA g−1. Even at a higher current density of 200 mA g−1, a stable capacity of 200 mA h g−1 can still be obtained. These findings demonstrate the great potential of TNO/G for lithium/sodium ion anodes.

Graphical abstract: TiNb2O7/graphene composites as high-rate anode materials for lithium/sodium ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Dec 2015, accepted on 14 Feb 2016 and first published on 15 Feb 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5TA10510B
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016,4, 4242-4251
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    TiNb2O7/graphene composites as high-rate anode materials for lithium/sodium ion batteries

    S. Li, X. Cao, C. N. Schmidt, Q. Xu, E. Uchaker, Y. Pei and G. Cao, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016, 4, 4242
    DOI: 10.1039/C5TA10510B

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