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Issue 4, 2016
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Self-optimisation of the final stage in the synthesis of EGFR kinase inhibitor AZD9291 using an automated flow reactor

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Abstract

Self-optimising flow reactors combine online analysis with evolutionary feedback algorithms to rapidly achieve optimum conditions. This technique has been applied to the final bond-forming step in the synthesis of AZD9291, an irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor kinase inhibitor developed by AstraZeneca. A four parameter optimisation of a telescoped amide coupling followed by an elimination reaction was achieved using at-line high performance liquid chromatography. Optimisations were initially carried out on a model compound (2,4-dimethoxyaniline) and the data used to track the formation of various impurities and ultimately propose a mechanism for their formation. Our protocol could then be applied to the optimisation of the 2-step telescoped reaction to synthesise AZD9291 in 89% yield.

Graphical abstract: Self-optimisation of the final stage in the synthesis of EGFR kinase inhibitor AZD9291 using an automated flow reactor

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Mar 2016, accepted on 05 May 2016 and first published on 24 May 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6RE00059B
Citation: React. Chem. Eng., 2016,1, 366-371
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Self-optimisation of the final stage in the synthesis of EGFR kinase inhibitor AZD9291 using an automated flow reactor

    N. Holmes, G. R. Akien, A. J. Blacker, R. L. Woodward, R. E. Meadows and R. A. Bourne, React. Chem. Eng., 2016, 1, 366
    DOI: 10.1039/C6RE00059B

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