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Issue 20, 2016
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Recovery of chemically degraded polyethyleneimine by a re-modification method: prolonging the lifetime of cation exchange membranes

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Abstract

Selectivity for monovalent cations is an important property of cation exchange membranes (CEMs). The cation exchange membranes of the CSO modified with polyethyleneimine type have a higher selectivity for monovalent cations than the multivalent cations. Unfortunately, the loss of selectivity for these kinds of CSO seems to be unavoidable due to fouling and degradation of polyethyleneimine groups. In this situation, a “re-modification” technique was developed for recovery of fouled CSO, activating the fouled CSO by methanol and a sulfuric acid solution with ultrasonic vibration, followed by a layered surfacial electro-deposition method to prolong the lifetime of cation exchange membranes. A series of electrodialysis experiments for Na+/Ca2+ separation was performed for evaluating and comparing the monovalent cation selectivity of the samples. The restoration of the surface and cross section morphology after “re-modification” was demonstrated by attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). As a result of the re-modification method the membranes with chemically degraded polyethyleneimine were again made functional. The ion exchange groups of the CSO modified with polyethyleneimine were successfully recovered, giving the membrane a high permselectivity again.

Graphical abstract: Recovery of chemically degraded polyethyleneimine by a re-modification method: prolonging the lifetime of cation exchange membranes

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Dec 2015, accepted on 29 Jan 2016 and first published on 01 Feb 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5RA27916J
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Citation: RSC Adv., 2016,6, 16548-16554
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    Recovery of chemically degraded polyethyleneimine by a re-modification method: prolonging the lifetime of cation exchange membranes

    Y. Zhao, K. Tang, Q. Liu, B. Van der Bruggen, A. S. Díaz, J. Pan, C. Gao and J. Shen, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 16548
    DOI: 10.1039/C5RA27916J

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