Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 6, 2016
Previous Article Next Article

Transition-metal catalyzed valorization of lignin: the key to a sustainable carbon-neutral future

Author affiliations

Abstract

The development of a sustainable, carbon-neutral biorefinery has emerged as a prominent scientific and engineering goal of the 21st century. As petroleum has become less accessible, biomass-based carbon sources have been investigated for utility in fuel production and commodity chemical manufacturing. One underutilized biomaterial is lignin; however, its highly crosslinked and randomly polymerized composition have rendered this biopolymer recalcitrant to existing chemical processing. More recently, insight into lignin's molecular structure has reinvigorated chemists to develop catalytic methods for lignin depolymerization. This review examines the development of transition-metal catalyzed reactions and the insights shared between the homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic systems towards the ultimate goal of valorizing lignin to produce value-added products.

Graphical abstract: Transition-metal catalyzed valorization of lignin: the key to a sustainable carbon-neutral future

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 26 Oct 2015, accepted on 14 Dec 2015 and first published on 14 Dec 2015


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C5OB02212F
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2016,14, 1853-1914
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
  •   Request permissions

    Transition-metal catalyzed valorization of lignin: the key to a sustainable carbon-neutral future

    M. D. Kärkäs, B. S. Matsuura, T. M. Monos, G. Magallanes and C. R. J. Stephenson, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2016, 14, 1853
    DOI: 10.1039/C5OB02212F

    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material and it is not used for commercial purposes.

    Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

    • For reproduction of material from NJC:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
      [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
    • For reproduction of material from PPS:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

    Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements