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Issue 22, 2016
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Cationic polymers for DNA origami coating – examining their binding efficiency and tuning the enzymatic reaction rates

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Abstract

DNA origamis are fully tailored, programmable, biocompatible and readily functionalizable nanostructures that provide an excellent foundation for the development of sophisticated drug-delivery systems. However, the DNA origami objects suffer from certain drawbacks such as low cell-transfection rates and low stability. A great deal of studies on polymer-based transfection agents, mainly focusing on polyplex formation and toxicity, exists. In this study, the electrostatic binding between a brick-like DNA origami and cationic block-copolymers was explored. The effect of the polymer structure on the binding was investigated and the toxicity of the polymer–origami complexes evaluated. The study shows that all of the analyzed polymers had a suitable binding efficiency irrespective of the block structure. It was also observed that the toxicity of polymer–origami complexes was insignificant at the biologically relevant concentration levels. Besides brick-like DNA origamis, tubular origami carriers equipped with enzymes were also coated with the polymers. By adjusting the amount of cationic polymers that cover the DNA structures, we showed that it is possible to control the enzyme kinetics of the complexes. This work gives a starting point for further development of biocompatible and effective polycation-based block copolymers that can be used in coating different DNA origami nanostructures for various bioapplications.

Graphical abstract: Cationic polymers for DNA origami coating – examining their binding efficiency and tuning the enzymatic reaction rates

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Nov 2015, accepted on 11 May 2016 and first published on 12 May 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR08355A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2016,8, 11674-11680
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Cationic polymers for DNA origami coating – examining their binding efficiency and tuning the enzymatic reaction rates

    J. K. Kiviaho, V. Linko, A. Ora, T. Tiainen, E. Järvihaavisto, J. Mikkilä, H. Tenhu, Nonappa and M. A. Kostiainen, Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 11674
    DOI: 10.1039/C5NR08355A

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