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Issue 6, 2016
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Strain engineering of graphene: a review

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Graphene has intrigued the science community by many unique properties not found in conventional materials. In particular, it is the strongest two-dimensional material ever measured, being able to sustain reversible tensile elastic strain larger than 20%, which yields an interesting possibility to tune the properties of graphene by strain and thus opens a new field called “straintronics”. In this article, the current progress in the strain engineering of graphene is reviewed. We first summarize the strain effects on the electronic structure and Raman spectra of graphene. We then highlight the electron–phonon coupling greatly enhanced by the biaxial strain and the strong pseudomagnetic field induced by the non-uniform strain with specific distribution. Finally, the potential application of strain-engineering in the self-assembly of foreign atoms on the graphene surface is also discussed. Given the short history of graphene straintronics research, the current progress has been notable, and many further advances in this field are expected.

Graphical abstract: Strain engineering of graphene: a review

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Nov 2015, accepted on 11 Jan 2016 and first published on 11 Jan 2016

Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR07755A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2016,8, 3207-3217
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    Strain engineering of graphene: a review

    C. Si, Z. Sun and F. Liu, Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 3207
    DOI: 10.1039/C5NR07755A

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