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Issue 8, 2016
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Flexible and fragmentable tandem photosensitive nanocrystal skins

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Abstract

We proposed and demonstrated the first account of large-area, semi-transparent, tandem photosensitive nanocrystal skins (PNSs) constructed on flexible substrates operating on the principle of photogenerated potential buildup, which avoid the need for applying an external bias and circumvent the current-matching limitation between junctions. We successfully fabricated and operated the tandem PNSs composed of single monolayers of colloidal water-soluble CdTe and CdHgTe nanocrystals (NCs) in adjacent junctions on a Kapton polymer tape. Owing to the usage of a single NC layer in each junction, noise generation was significantly reduced while keeping the resulting PNS films considerably transparent. In each junction, photogenerated excitons are dissociated at the interface of the semi-transparent Al electrode and the NC layer, with holes migrating to the contact electrode and electrons trapped in the NCs. As a result, the tandem PNSs lead to an open-circuit photovoltage buildup equal to the sum of those of the two single junctions, exhibiting a total voltage buildup of 128.4 mV at an excitation intensity of 75.8 μW cm−2 at 350 nm. Furthermore, we showed that these flexible PNSs could be bent over 3.5 mm radius of curvature and cut out in arbitrary shapes without damaging the operation of individual parts and without introducing any significant loss in the total sensitivity. These findings indicate that the NC skins are promising as building blocks to make low-cost, flexible, large-area UV/visible sensing platforms with highly efficient full-spectrum conversion.

Graphical abstract: Flexible and fragmentable tandem photosensitive nanocrystal skins

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Jul 2015, accepted on 23 Sep 2015 and first published on 30 Sep 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR05063D
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Nanoscale, 2016,8, 4495-4503
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    Flexible and fragmentable tandem photosensitive nanocrystal skins

    S. Akhavan, C. Uran, B. Bozok, K. Gungor, Y. Kelestemur, V. Lesnyak, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller and H. V. Demir, Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 4495
    DOI: 10.1039/C5NR05063D

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