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Issue 12, 2016
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Effect of relative humidity on crystal growth, device performance and hysteresis in planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells

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Abstract

Due to the hygroscopic nature of organolead halide perovskites, humidity is one of the most important factors affecting the efficiency and longevity of perovskite solar cells. Although humidity has a long term detrimental effect on device performance, it also plays a key role during the initial growth of perovskite crystals. Here we demonstrate that atmospheric relative humidity (RH) plays a key role during the formation of perovskite thin films via the sequential deposition technique. Our results indicate that the RH has a substantial impact on the crystallization process, and hence on device performance. SEM and pXRD analysis show an increase in crystallite size with increasing humidity. At low RH, the formation of small cubic crystallites with large gaps between them is observed. The presence of these voids adversely affects device performance and leads to substantial hysteresis in the device. At higher RH, the perovskite crystals are larger in size, with better connectivity between the crystallites. This produced efficient planar heterojunction solar cells with low hysteresis. By careful control of the RH during the cell fabrication process, efficiencies of up to 12.2% are reached using P3HT as the hole-transport material.

Graphical abstract: Effect of relative humidity on crystal growth, device performance and hysteresis in planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Jun 2015, accepted on 17 Sep 2015 and first published on 21 Sep 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR04179A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2016,8, 6300-6307
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Effect of relative humidity on crystal growth, device performance and hysteresis in planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells

    M. K. Gangishetty, R. W. J. Scott and T. L. Kelly, Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 6300
    DOI: 10.1039/C5NR04179A

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