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Issue 3, 2016
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Determination of inorganic mercury in petroleum production water by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry following photochemical vapor generation

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Abstract

A photochemical vapor generation system coupled to an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) was used for the determination of inorganic mercury in high salinity water arising from offshore petroleum exploration platforms, i.e., production water (PW). The system comprised a 17 W UV grid lamp for photogeneration along with two gas/liquid separators functioning in tandem to minimize aerosol transport into the plasma. Analytical conditions, including the type and concentration of low molecular weight organic acid, UV exposure time and solution pH, were optimized. Continuous-flow processing of a sample containing 1.63 mol L−1 formic acid at pH 1.5 for a UV irradiation time of 30 s permitted Hg(II) to be determined based on the method of addition. Procedural limits of detection and quantification of 1.2 and 4.0 μg L−1, respectively, were achieved. In the absence of a suitable certified reference material with which the methodology has to be validated, recoveries of 10–40 μg L−1 Hg(II) spikes added to real samples were examined and ranged from 79 to 121%.

Graphical abstract: Determination of inorganic mercury in petroleum production water by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry following photochemical vapor generation

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Nov 2015, accepted on 05 Jan 2016 and first published on 06 Jan 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5JA00444F
Citation: J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2016,31, 751-758
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    Determination of inorganic mercury in petroleum production water by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry following photochemical vapor generation

    B. B. A. Francisco, A. A. Rocha, P. Grinberg, R. E. Sturgeon and R. J. Cassella, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2016, 31, 751
    DOI: 10.1039/C5JA00444F

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