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Lithium extraction from Chinese salt-lake brines: opportunities, challenges, and future outlook

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Abstract

Chinese salt-lake brine is mainly of the magnesium sulfate subtype with a high Mg/Li ratio. Mining lithium from Chinese salt-lake brine has been a decades-long technical challenge. The pros and cons of various technologies are briefly discussed. Chemical extraction has been the most important technology for the recovery of lithium from Chinese salt-lake brine with a high Mg/Li ratio. Several other innovative technologies, including lithium ion sieves, membrane separation, and electro–electrodialysis, have also emerged as potential options.

Graphical abstract: Lithium extraction from Chinese salt-lake brines: opportunities, challenges, and future outlook

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Jan 2017, accepted on 19 Apr 2017 and first published on 26 Apr 2017


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C7EW00020K
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2017, Advance Article
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    Lithium extraction from Chinese salt-lake brines: opportunities, challenges, and future outlook

    J. F. Song, L. D. Nghiem, X. Li and T. He, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7EW00020K

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