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Issue 13, 2016
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A comprehensive approach to investigate the structural and surface properties of activated carbons and related Pd-based catalysts

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Abstract

Activated carbons are widely used as supports for industrial catalysts based on metal nanoparticles. The catalytic performance of carbon-supported catalysts is strongly influenced by the carbon activation method. Notwithstanding this important role, the effect induced by different activation methods has been rarely investigated in detail. This work deals with two carbons of wood origin, activated either by steam or by phosphoric acid, and the corresponding catalysts based on supported Pd nanoparticles. We demonstrate that the catalysts perform in a different way in hydrogenation reactions depending on the nature of the carbon used as a support, being the palladium dispersion the same. We propose a multi-technique approach to fully characterize both carbons and catalysts at the micro- and nanoscale. In particular, we investigate how the activation procedure influences the texture (by N2 physisorption), the morphology (by Scanning Electron Microscopy), the structure (by Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray Diffraction) and the surface properties (by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Spectroscopy and Inelastic Neutron Scattering) of carbons and of the related catalysts. The comprehensive characterization approach proposed in this work allows the rationalization, at least in part, of the role of activated carbons in enhancing the performance of a hydrogenation catalyst.

Graphical abstract: A comprehensive approach to investigate the structural and surface properties of activated carbons and related Pd-based catalysts

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Jan 2016, accepted on 22 Feb 2016 and first published on 23 Feb 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6CY00159A
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Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2016,6, 4910-4922
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    A comprehensive approach to investigate the structural and surface properties of activated carbons and related Pd-based catalysts

    A. Lazzarini, A. Piovano, R. Pellegrini, G. Leofanti, G. Agostini, S. Rudić, M. R. Chierotti, R. Gobetto, A. Battiato, G. Spoto, A. Zecchina, C. Lamberti and E. Groppo, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2016, 6, 4910
    DOI: 10.1039/C6CY00159A

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