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Issue 31, 2016
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A multi-nuclear magnetic resonance and density functional theory investigation of epitaxially grown InGaP2

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Abstract

In this paper the short and long range order in In0.483Ga0.517P thin films is investigated by solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. To this end two samples were grown on a GaAs substrate by metal–organic vapor phase epitaxy at two different growth-pressures. From band gap energy measurements, CuPt long range order parameters of SCuPt = 0.22 and 0.39 were deduced, respectively. In the 31P spectrum five resonances are observed corresponding to the five possible P(GanIn4−n), n = 0–4, coordinations whose relative intensities correspond to the order in the material, but the intensity variations for order parameters between 0 and 0.5 are minimal. 69Ga, 71Ga and 115In (MQ)MAS spectra were acquired to analyze the quadrupolar and chemical shift distributions related to the (dis)order in these materials in more detail. All these spectra clearly reflect the disorder in the sample and do not show the presence of highly ordered domains. The difference in the order parameter in the sample is not clearly reflected in the spectra. 31P chemical shifts were calculated using Density Functional Theory. The experimentally observed shifts are well reproduced with a simple random model of the disorder, thus confirming the assignment of the resonances. The 31P chemical shifts are very sensitive to changes in the lattice parameter and chemical surroundings. These effects nearly compensate and explain why the 31P chemical shifts in pure InP and GaP are nearly identical whereas a large difference would be expected based on the observed shift difference for the P[In4] and P[Ga4] coordinations in In0.483Ga0.517P.

Graphical abstract: A multi-nuclear magnetic resonance and density functional theory investigation of epitaxially grown InGaP2

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Aug 2015, accepted on 28 Jun 2016 and first published on 29 Jun 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CP04593B
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016,18, 21296-21304
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    A multi-nuclear magnetic resonance and density functional theory investigation of epitaxially grown InGaP2

    P. J. Knijn, P. J. M. van Bentum, C. M. Fang, G. J. Bauhuis, G. A. de Wijs and A. P. M. Kentgens, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, 18, 21296
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CP04593B

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