Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 29, 2016
Previous Article Next Article

Validation and quantification of genomic 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC) in mouse brain tissue by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Author affiliations

Abstract

5-Carboxylcytosine (5caC) is one of the most important oxidation products of 5-methylcytosine, an epigenetic biomarker generated from cytosine (Cyt). Although several methods have been developed to detect 5caC, they still can not accurately quantify trace amounts of 5caC. To conquer this challenge, we developed and validated a simple, robust method for the quantification of 5caC levels in mammalian tissue by LC-MS/MS. Tissue DNA was isolated using a commercial kit, hydrolyzed using 88% formic acid at 140 °C, separated using a bridged ethylene hybrid HILIC column, and analyzed by tandem MS. The linearity was evaluated in the concentration range of 40 to 4000 ng mL−1 for Cyt and 1 to 100 ng mL−1 for 5caC, and both the correlation coefficients were higher than 0.99. The limits of detection were 0.05 ng mL−1 for Cyt and 0.1 ng mL−1 for 5caC, and the limits of quantification were 0.1 ng mL−1 for Cyt and 1 ng mL−1 for 5caC. All the relative standard deviation (RSD) values of intra-day precision were lower than 6%. The recovery of the method ranged from 93.42% to 96.54% with RSD lower than 0.6%. Using this method, we illustrated that 5caC was distributed in mouse brain tissue, and the content of 5caC in the cerebrum was higher than that in the cerebellum and brainstem. Our studies indicated that the LC-MS/MS method was adequate for analyzing 5caC levels in biological samples.

Graphical abstract: Validation and quantification of genomic 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC) in mouse brain tissue by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 20 May 2016, accepted on 18 Jun 2016 and first published on 21 Jun 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6AY01445C
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2016,8, 5812-5817
  •   Request permissions

    Validation and quantification of genomic 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC) in mouse brain tissue by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

    L. Zhang, Z. Li, G. Chen, Q. Huang, J. Zhang, J. Wen, X. Ye and C. Cai, Anal. Methods, 2016, 8, 5812
    DOI: 10.1039/C6AY01445C

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements