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Issue 20, 2016
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Determination of compounds with varied volatilities from aqueous samples using a polymeric ionic liquid sorbent coating by direct immersion-headspace solid-phase microextraction

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Abstract

The use of highly robust polymeric ionic liquid (PIL) sorbent coatings combined with direct immersion (DI) and headspace (HS) modes in a single solid-phase microextraction (SPME) procedure coupled to gas chromatography (GC) is reported. Target analytes with a wide range of volatilities including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, organochlorine pesticides, and phthalate esters were studied. Three PIL-based sorbent coatings were evaluated and the highest extraction efficiency for most analytes was obtained using the PIL coating consisting of the 1-vinylbenzyl-3-hexadecylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide [VBC16IM][NTf2] IL monomer and the [(VBIM)2C12]2[NTf2] IL crosslinker. The combined DI-HS mode allowed for a compromise extraction condition among the different classes of analytes compared to the use of DI and HS modes separately. An extraction temperature of 40 °C and an extraction time of 50 min with 50% of this time in HS mode was optimized by application of a central composite design. Satisfactory analytical performance was achieved with limits of detection varying from 0.003 to 0.15 μg L−1 and calibration curve correlation coefficients ranging from 0.980 to 0.999. Analyte relative recoveries from tap and lake water ranged from 52.3 to 116.8% with relative standard deviations ranging from 0.3 to 19.3%.

Graphical abstract: Determination of compounds with varied volatilities from aqueous samples using a polymeric ionic liquid sorbent coating by direct immersion-headspace solid-phase microextraction

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Feb 2016, accepted on 29 Apr 2016 and first published on 03 May 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6AY00423G
Citation: Anal. Methods, 2016,8, 4108-4118
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    Determination of compounds with varied volatilities from aqueous samples using a polymeric ionic liquid sorbent coating by direct immersion-headspace solid-phase microextraction

    J. Merib, H. Yu, E. Carasek and J. L. Anderson, Anal. Methods, 2016, 8, 4108
    DOI: 10.1039/C6AY00423G

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