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Issue 14, 2015
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One-step femtosecond laser patterning of light-trapping structure on dye-sensitized solar cell photoelectrodes

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Abstract

Light-trapping patterns were constructed in TiO2 photoelectrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) by a one-step femtosecond laser structuring method that utilized ablation to create patterns at the surface of nanostructured TiO2 films. As a result, much more light was trapped in the photoelectrodes. Grating and orthogonal-grid patterns were studied, and the light trapping performance was optimized through the adjustment of pattern spacing, which was easily realized in the laser ablation process. With a 5 μm-spacing orthogonal-grid pattern, DSSCs showed a highest photon-to-electron conversion efficiency of 9.32% under AM 1.5G, a 13.5% improvement compared to the same cell without laser ablation. This simple and universal laser ablation method could be used to process many kinds of nanomaterials, and could be applied for various devices with nanostructures.

Graphical abstract: One-step femtosecond laser patterning of light-trapping structure on dye-sensitized solar cell photoelectrodes

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Nov 2014, accepted on 11 Feb 2015 and first published on 23 Feb 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4TC02657H
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2015,3, 3336-3341
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    One-step femtosecond laser patterning of light-trapping structure on dye-sensitized solar cell photoelectrodes

    X. Zhang, H. Liu, X. Huang and H. Jiang, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2015, 3, 3336
    DOI: 10.1039/C4TC02657H

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