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Issue 44, 2015
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LiFePO4/NaFe3V9O19/porous glass nanocomposite cathodes for Li+/Na+ mixed-ion batteries

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Abstract

The discovery and optimisation of high performance cathode materials are critical to future breakthroughs for next-generation rechargeable batteries. LiFePO4 (LFP)/NaFe3V9O19 (NFV)/Na2O–FeO–V2O3–P2O5–biocarbon (NFVPB) porous glass nanocomposites (LFP/NFV/NFVPB) offer new possibilities for Li+/Na+ mixed-ion batteries with high-rate capability and high discharge voltage plateaus. Here we have successfully synthesized these nanocomposites via self-assembly of adenosine disodium triphosphate (Na2ATP) biotemplates and a carbon thermal reduction method. As a novel cathode material, LFP/NFV/NFVPB delivers a reversible capacity of 202.8 mA h g−1 at 0.1C in the Li+/Na+ mixed-ion cell with the electrochemically active redox reactions of Fe2+/Fe3+ and V3+/V4+, which is far higher than the theoretical capacity of LiFePO4 (170 mA h g−1). The cell exhibits two high voltage plateaus with well-defined discharge voltage near 3.4 and 3.7 volts, and a coulombic efficiency of approximately 90 percent. Because the low-energy nonequilibrium paths of the fast phase transformation process in LFP/NFV composite nanoparticles can improve the high-rate performance, the cell still exhibits a higher specific capacity of about 100.4 mA h g−1 at 10C. These results are attributed to the nanocomposite structure of LiFePO4 and NaFe3V9O19 and better percolation of electrochemically active glass with a hierarchical pore structure. This work will contribute to the development of Li+/Na+ mixed-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: LiFePO4/NaFe3V9O19/porous glass nanocomposite cathodes for Li+/Na+ mixed-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Aug 2015, accepted on 07 Sep 2015 and first published on 08 Sep 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5TA06424D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015,3, 22247-22257
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    LiFePO4/NaFe3V9O19/porous glass nanocomposite cathodes for Li+/Na+ mixed-ion batteries

    X. Zhang, X. Xu, W. He, G. Yang, J. Shen, J. Liu and Q. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 22247
    DOI: 10.1039/C5TA06424D

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