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Issue 44, 2015
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Binary metal sulfides and polypyrrole on vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays/carbon fiber paper as high-performance electrodes

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Abstract

Pseudocapacitive materials, such as binary metal sulfides, show great promise as electrode candidates for energy storage devices due to their higher specific capacitance than that of mono-metal sulfides and binary metal oxides, but generally suffer from low energy densities when assembled in supercapacitor devices. To push the energy density limit of pseudocapacitive materials in devices, a new class of electrode materials with favorable architectures is strongly needed. Here, rationally designed and coaxially grown Ni–Co–S and polypyrrole on vertically aligned carbon nanotube (VA-CNT) arrays/3D carbon fiber paper (CFP) is presented as a novel freestanding electrode for energy storage devices. Our study has revealed that the catalyst preparation is the key step and the presence of an Al2O3 buffer layer is essential for the growth of VA-CNTs. The 3D hierarchical VA-CNTs/CFP allows high areal loading and high utilization efficiency of the active materials. The binder-free asymmetric energy storage devices with Ni–Co–S/VA-CNTs/CFP as the positive electrode and polypyrrole/VA-CNTs/CFP as the negative electrode, respectively, demonstrate a high energy density of 82 W h kg−1 at 200 W kg−1.

Graphical abstract: Binary metal sulfides and polypyrrole on vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays/carbon fiber paper as high-performance electrodes

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Jul 2015, accepted on 18 Aug 2015 and first published on 18 Aug 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5TA05961E
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015,3, 22043-22052
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    Binary metal sulfides and polypyrrole on vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays/carbon fiber paper as high-performance electrodes

    X. Cai, R. V. Hansen, L. Zhang, B. Li, C. K. Poh, S. H. Lim, L. Chen, J. Yang, L. Lai, J. Lin and Z. Shen, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 22043
    DOI: 10.1039/C5TA05961E

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