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Issue 9, 2015
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Solution processed organic solar cells based on A–D–D′–D–A small molecule with benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene donor (D′) unit, cyclopentadithiophene donor (D) and ethylrhodanine acceptor unit having 6% light to energy conversion efficiency

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Abstract

Solution processed small molecule A–D–D′–D–A, denoted as BDT(CDTRH)2, consists of 2-ethylhexoxy substituted BDT (donor D' unit) as the central building block and 3-ethylrhodanine (RH) as the end capped terminal (acceptor group) unit, with a π-linkage of cyclopentadithiophene (CDT) (donor D). We have designed and synthesized it, and we have investigated its optical and electrochemical properties, finding that its energy levels are compatible with the energy levels of fullerene derivatives for efficient exciton dissociation. This small molecule has been used as an electron donor along with PC71BM as the electron acceptor for the fabrication of solution processed small molecule bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells. The BHJ solar cell processed with BDT(CDTRH)2 : PC71BM (1 : 1 wt ratio) showed a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 4.58% with Jsc = 8.66 mA cm−2, Voc = 0.98 V and FF = 0.54. The high Voc value of the device has been attributed to the deeper HOMO energy level of BDT(CDTRH)2. The overall PCE of the device has been increased up to 6.02% (Jsc = 10.42 mA cm−2, Voc = 0.94 V FF = 0.62) when the blend was processed with 3% v/v CN/CF solvent. This increase is mainly due to an increase in Jsc and FF, which was linked to the increase in crystallinity and favorable nanomorphology of the active layer improving exciton dissociation and achieving a more balanced charge transport in the device.

Graphical abstract: Solution processed organic solar cells based on A–D–D′–D–A small molecule with benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene donor (D′) unit, cyclopentadithiophene donor (D) and ethylrhodanine acceptor unit having 6% light to energy conversion efficiency

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Oct 2014, accepted on 07 Jan 2015 and first published on 08 Jan 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4TA05807K
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015,3, 4892-4902
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    Solution processed organic solar cells based on A–D–D′–D–A small molecule with benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene donor (D′) unit, cyclopentadithiophene donor (D) and ethylrhodanine acceptor unit having 6% light to energy conversion efficiency

    C. V. Kumar, L. Cabau, E. N. Koukaras, A. Viterisi, G. D. Sharma and E. Palomares, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 4892
    DOI: 10.1039/C4TA05807K

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