Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 7, 2015
Previous Article Next Article

Effect of shape on the self-assembly of faceted patchy nanoplates with irregular shape into tiling patterns

Author affiliations

Abstract

Recent reports of the synthesis and assembly of faceted nanoplates with a wide range of shapes and composition motivates the possibility of a new class of two-dimensional materials with specific patterns targeted for a host of exciting properties. Yet, studies of how nanoplate shape controls their assembly – knowledge necessary for their inverse design from target structures – has been performed for only a handful of systems. By constructing a general framework in which many known faceted nanoplates may be described in terms of four anisotropy dimensions, we discover design rules to guide future synthesis and assembly. We study via Monte Carlo simulations attractive polygons whose shape is altered systematically under the following four transformations: faceting, pinching, elongation and truncation. We report that (i) faceting leads to regular porous structures (ii) pinching stabilizes complex structures such as dodecagonal quasicrystals (iii) elongation leads to asymmetric phase behavior, where low and high aspect ratio nanoplates self-assemble completely different structures and (iv) low and high degrees of truncation transform a complex self-assembler into a disk-like assembler, providing design ideas that could lead to switchable structures. We provide important insight into how the shape and attractive interactions of a nanoplate can be exploited or designed to target specific classes of structures, including space-filling, porous, and complex tilings.

Graphical abstract: Effect of shape on the self-assembly of faceted patchy nanoplates with irregular shape into tiling patterns

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 22 Jul 2014, accepted on 19 Dec 2014 and first published on 19 Dec 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4SM01612B
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Soft Matter, 2015,11, 1386-1396
  •   Request permissions

    Effect of shape on the self-assembly of faceted patchy nanoplates with irregular shape into tiling patterns

    J. A. Millan, D. Ortiz and S. C. Glotzer, Soft Matter, 2015, 11, 1386
    DOI: 10.1039/C4SM01612B

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements