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Issue 58, 2015
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Synthesis of nitrogen doped mesoporous carbons for carbon dioxide capture

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Abstract

Nitrogen doped mesoporous carbons were prepared by nanocasting method at varying carbonization temperatures followed by characterization in terms of their structural, textural and chemical properties. Melamine-formaldehyde resin and mesoporous silica were used as the polymeric precursor and hard template respectively. Meso-structural ordering of the template was retained by the prepared carbons as suggested by the structural analysis. Evolution of nitrogen and oxygen functionalities along with textural properties of nitrogen doped carbons were regulated by the carbonization temperature. The prepared carbons obtained by carbonization at 700 °C exhibited a maximum surface area of 266 m2 g−1 along with a nitrogen content up to 21 weight%. CO2 adsorption was studied in a fixed-bed column at several temperatures (30 to 100 °C) and CO2 concentrations (5 to 12.5%). Adsorbent reusability was examined by carrying out multiple adsorption–desorption cycles. MF-700 showed the highest CO2 adsorption capacity of 0.83 mmol g−1 at 30 °C. CO2 adsorption kinetics were investigated by fitting experimental CO2 uptake data to different adsorption kinetic models, out of which the fractional order model was found to fit over the complete adsorption range with the error% between experimental and model predicted data within the range of 5%. In addition, the isosteric heat of adsorption was estimated to be around 17 kJ mol−1, confirming the occurrence of the physiosorption process.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of nitrogen doped mesoporous carbons for carbon dioxide capture

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Mar 2015, accepted on 19 May 2015 and first published on 19 May 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5RA05684E
Citation: RSC Adv., 2015,5, 46568-46582
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    Synthesis of nitrogen doped mesoporous carbons for carbon dioxide capture

    C. Goel, H. Bhunia and P. K. Bajpai, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 46568
    DOI: 10.1039/C5RA05684E

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