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Issue 46, 2015
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Extraction and GC-MS analysis of phthalate esters in food matrices: a review

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Abstract

According to the Scopus database, using “phthalate” and “GC” as keywords, 758 papers have been found between 1990 and 2014, showing strong and increasing interest in this class of compounds from the scientific community. This review focuses attention on phthalate ester (PAE) extraction procedures, followed by GC-MS analysis, applied to food matrices and developed during the last 15 years (from 2000). In this area, 120 papers have been published, divided according to different sample preparation/extraction methods: liquid–liquid extraction (LLE), solid-phase (micro) extraction (SP(M)E), dispersive liquid–liquid (micro) extraction (DLL(M)E), headspace solid-phase micro-extraction (HS-SPME), microwave extraction, supercritical fluid extraction, ultrasonication extraction, thermal desorption extraction and Soxhlet extraction. Finally, for in-depth information, two important issues, phthalate toxicology and risk assessment and the blank problem in analytical determinations, are discussed.

Graphical abstract: Extraction and GC-MS analysis of phthalate esters in food matrices: a review

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Jan 2015, accepted on 30 Mar 2015 and first published on 31 Mar 2015


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C5RA01916H
Citation: RSC Adv., 2015,5, 37023-37043
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    Extraction and GC-MS analysis of phthalate esters in food matrices: a review

    M. V. Russo, P. Avino, L. Perugini and I. Notardonato, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 37023
    DOI: 10.1039/C5RA01916H

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