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Issue 1, 2015
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Highly dispersed Au, Ag and Cu nanoparticles in mesoporous SBA-15 for highly selective catalytic reduction of nitroaromatics

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Abstract

This paper demonstrates a homogeneous dispersion of 4 wt% coinage metal nanoparticles (Au, Ag and Cu) of different morphologies in the pores (∼8 nm) of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) modified mesoporous SBA-15 for selective catalytic reduction of m-dinitrobenzene to phenylenediamine. EDX, elemental mapping and HR-TEM analysis confirmed the uniform dispersal of metal nanoparticles within the mesoporous matrix having lattice fringes with a d-spacing of 0.232 nm for Au (111), 0.23 nm and 0.20 nm for Ag (111) and (200) and 0.25 nm for CuO (111) planes. XPS results illustrated the presence of Au and Ag in their metallic states whereas Cu was oxidized to CuO. XRD, TEM and surface area analysis revealed that formation of metal nanoparticles within the sieves led to a significant change in the surface structural and physicochemical properties. Metal nanospheres with increasing size i.e., ∼5 nm (Au) < ∼11 nm (Ag) < ∼13 nm (Cu) were formed within the channels of SBA-15, while small nanorods (aspect ratio ∼2–4 nm) were also formed in the case of Ag and Cu impregnation. The catalytic activity was found to depend on the nature, size and dispersion of metal nanoparticles relative to negligible reactivity of bare SBA-15. Au nanosphere (∼5 nm) impregnated SBA-15, having the lowest surface area (292 m2 g−1), exhibited the best catalytic activity for m-dinitrobenzene reduction (k = 1.765 × 10−1 min−1) with 89% selectivity to m-phenylenediamine.

Graphical abstract: Highly dispersed Au, Ag and Cu nanoparticles in mesoporous SBA-15 for highly selective catalytic reduction of nitroaromatics

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Sep 2014, accepted on 14 Nov 2014 and first published on 01 Dec 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4RA10050F
Citation: RSC Adv., 2015,5, 184-190
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    Highly dispersed Au, Ag and Cu nanoparticles in mesoporous SBA-15 for highly selective catalytic reduction of nitroaromatics

    S. Sareen, V. Mutreja, S. Singh and B. Pal, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 184
    DOI: 10.1039/C4RA10050F

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