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Issue 7, 2015
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Defensive symbioses of animals with prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms

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Abstract

Covering: through 2014

Many organisms team up with microbes for defense against predators, parasites, parasitoids, or pathogens. Here we review the described protective symbioses between animals (including marine invertebrates, nematodes, insects, and vertebrates) and bacteria, fungi, and dinoflagellates. We focus on associations where the microbial natural products mediating the protective activity have been elucidated or at least strong evidence for the role of symbiotic microbes in defense is available. In addition to providing an overview of the known defensive animal–microbe symbioses, we aim to derive general patterns on the chemistry, ecology, and evolution of such associations.

Graphical abstract: Defensive symbioses of animals with prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Jan 2015, published on 20 Apr 2015 and first published online on 20 Apr 2015


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C5NP00010F
Citation: Nat. Prod. Rep., 2015,32, 904-936
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Defensive symbioses of animals with prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms

    L. V. Flórez, P. H. W. Biedermann, T. Engl and M. Kaltenpoth, Nat. Prod. Rep., 2015, 32, 904
    DOI: 10.1039/C5NP00010F

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