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Issue 1, 2015
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Endothelial responses of magnesium and other alloying elements in magnesium-based stent materials

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Abstract

Biodegradable tailored magnesium (Mg) alloys are some of the most promising scaffolds for cardiovascular stents. During the course of degradation after implantation, all the alloying elements in the scaffold will be released to the surrounding vascular tissues. However, fundamental questions regarding the toxicity of alloying elements towards vascular cells, the maximum amount of each element that could be used in alloy design, or how each of the alloying elements affects vascular cellular activity and gene expression, are still not fully answered. This work systematically addressed these questions by revealing how application of different alloying elements commonly used in Mg stent materials influences several indices of human endothelial cell health, i.e., viability, proliferations, cytoskeletal reorganizations, migration, and the gene expression profile. The overall cell viability and proliferation showed a decreasing trend with increasing concentrations of the ions, and the half maximal effective concentrations (EC50) for each element were determined. When applied at a low concentration of around 10 mM, Mg had no adverse effects but improved cell proliferation and migration instead. Mg ions also altered endothelial gene expression significantly in a dose dependent manner. Most of the changed genes are related to angiogenesis and the cell adhesion signaling pathways. Findings from this work provide useful information on maximum safe doses of these ions for endothelial cells, endothelial responses towards these metal ions, and some guidance for future Mg stent design.

Graphical abstract: Endothelial responses of magnesium and other alloying elements in magnesium-based stent materials

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Sep 2014, accepted on 17 Oct 2014 and first published on 17 Oct 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4MT00244J
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Metallomics, 2015,7, 118-128
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    Endothelial responses of magnesium and other alloying elements in magnesium-based stent materials

    N. Zhao and D. Zhu, Metallomics, 2015, 7, 118
    DOI: 10.1039/C4MT00244J

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