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Issue 1, 2015
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PLS/OPLS models in metabolomics: the impact of permutation of dataset rows on the K-fold cross-validation quality parameters

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Abstract

Among all the software packages available for discriminant analyses based on projection to latent structures (PLS-DA) or orthogonal projection to latent structures (OPLS-DA), SIMCA (Umetrics, Umeå Sweden) is the more widely used in the metabolomics field. SIMCA proposes many parameters or tests to assess the quality of the computed model (the number of significant components, R2, Q2, pCV-ANOVA, and the permutation test). Significance thresholds for these parameters are strongly application-dependent. Concerning the Q2 parameter, a significance threshold of 0.5 is generally admitted. However, during the last few years, many PLS-DA/OPLS-DA models built using SIMCA have been published with Q2 values lower than 0.5. The purpose of this opinion note is to point out that, in some circumstances frequently encountered in metabolomics, the values of these parameters strongly depend on the individuals that constitute the validation subsets. As a result of the way in which the software selects members of the calibration and validation subsets, a simple permutation of dataset rows can, in several cases, lead to contradictory conclusions about the significance of the models when a K-fold cross-validation is used. We believe that, when Q2 values lower than 0.5 are obtained, SIMCA users should at least verify that the quality parameters are stable towards permutation of the rows in their dataset.

Graphical abstract: PLS/OPLS models in metabolomics: the impact of permutation of dataset rows on the K-fold cross-validation quality parameters

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jul 2014, accepted on 23 Oct 2014 and first published on 23 Oct 2014


Article type: Opinion
DOI: 10.1039/C4MB00414K
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Mol. BioSyst., 2015,11, 13-19
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    PLS/OPLS models in metabolomics: the impact of permutation of dataset rows on the K-fold cross-validation quality parameters

    M. N. Triba, L. Le Moyec, R. Amathieu, C. Goossens, N. Bouchemal, P. Nahon, D. N. Rutledge and P. Savarin, Mol. BioSyst., 2015, 11, 13
    DOI: 10.1039/C4MB00414K

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