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Issue 4, 2015
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Efficient one-pot production of 1,2-propanediol and ethylene glycol from microalgae (Chlorococcum sp.) in water

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Abstract

The catalytic valorization of microalgae, a sustainable feedstock to alleviate dependence on fossil fuel and offset greenhouse gases emissions, is of great significance for production of biofuels and value-added chemicals from aquatic plants. Here, an interesting catalytic process is reported to convert microalgae (Chlorococcum sp.) into 1,2-propanediol (1,2-PDO) and ethylene glycol (EG) in water over nickel-based catalysts. The influences of reaction temperature, initial H2 pressure and reaction time on the product distribution were systematically investigated by using a batch reactor. Under optimal reaction conditions (at 250 °C for 3 h with 6.0 MPa of H2 pressure), microalgae were directly and efficiently converted over a Ni–MgO–ZnO catalyst and the total yield of polyols was up to 41.5%. The excellent catalytic activity was attributed to the smaller size and better dispersion of Ni particles on the MgO–ZnO supporter based on the characterization results as well as its tolerance to nitrogen-containing compounds. Besides, the reaction pathway was proposed based on the formation of reaction intermediates and the results of model compound conversion.

Graphical abstract: Efficient one-pot production of 1,2-propanediol and ethylene glycol from microalgae (Chlorococcum sp.) in water

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Dec 2014, accepted on 16 Feb 2015 and first published on 02 Mar 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4GC02467B
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Citation: Green Chem., 2015,17, 2538-2544
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    Efficient one-pot production of 1,2-propanediol and ethylene glycol from microalgae (Chlorococcum sp.) in water

    G. Miao, C. C. Zhu, J. J. Wang, Z. C. Tan, L. Wang, J. L. Liu, L. Z. Kong and Y. H. Sun, Green Chem., 2015, 17, 2538
    DOI: 10.1039/C4GC02467B

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