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Issue 4, 2015
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Surface modification of thin film composite forward osmosis membrane by silver-decorated graphene-oxide nanosheets

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Abstract

Forward osmosis (FO), as an emerging technology for seawater desalination and wastewater reuse, has been attracting significant interest because of its energy efficiency. However, membrane fouling represents one of the major limitations for this technology, notably for thin film composite (TFC) polyamide (PA) membranes, which are prone to chlorine attack. In this study, silver nanoparticle (AgNPs)-decorated graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets (as an effective biocidal material) were covalently bonded to the PA surface to impart improved hydrophilicity and antibacterial properties to the membrane. AgNPs were synthesized in situ by the wet chemical reduction of silver nitrate onto the surface of GO nanosheets. The formation of the composite was verified by UV-vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy techniques. The synthesized GO/Ag nanocomposites were then covalently bonded onto the TFC PA membrane surface using cysteamine through an amide forming condensation reaction. ATR-FTIR and XPS results confirmed the covalent bonding of the nanocomposite onto the TFC PA surface. Overall, the GO/Ag nanocomposite functionalized membranes exhibited super-hydrophilic properties (contact angles below 25°) and significant bacterial (E. coli) inactivation (over 95% in static bacterial inactivation tests) without adversely affecting the membrane transport properties.

Graphical abstract: Surface modification of thin film composite forward osmosis membrane by silver-decorated graphene-oxide nanosheets

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Apr 2015, accepted on 10 Jul 2015 and first published on 10 Jul 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5EN00086F
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2015,2, 395-405
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    Surface modification of thin film composite forward osmosis membrane by silver-decorated graphene-oxide nanosheets

    A. Soroush, W. Ma, Y. Silvino and Md. S. Rahaman, Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2015, 2, 395
    DOI: 10.1039/C5EN00086F

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