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Issue 32, 2015
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A modular approach for molecular recognition by zinc dipicolinate complexes

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Abstract

A series of zinc dipicolinate (2,6-pyridinedicarboxylate; pdc) complexes [H2tmbpy][Zn(pdc)2]·5H2O (1) {H2tmbpy = 1,3-bis(4-pyridinium)propane(2+)}, [H2bpy][Zn(pdc)2]·6H2O (2) {H2bpy = 4,4′-bipyridinium(2+)}, [H2bpy][Zn(pdc)2]·3.5(4np)·2H2O (3) {4np = 4-nitrophenol}, [H2tmbpy][Zn(pdc)2]·4(2,7dhn)·3H2O (4) {2,7dhn = 2,7-dihydroxynaphthalene}, [H2bpy][Zn(pdc)2]·2(2,7dhn)·5H2O (5), [H2bpy][Zn(pdc)2]·2(pyrogl)·6H2O (6) {pyrogl = pyrogallol}, and [H2tmbpy][Zn(pdc)2]·2(2,6dhn)·8H2O (7) {2,6dhn = 2,6-dihydroxynaphthalene} were synthesized and characterised. Different packing patterns in these complexes arise from differences in the abilities of cations to π-stack with zinc dipicolinate units. In 2, the planar [H2bpy]2+ moieties are π-stacked with adjacent 4,4′-bipyridinium cations and [Zn(pdc)2]2− anions, whereas in 1, π-stacks are formed exclusively between [Zn(pdc)2]2− moieties. 4-Nitrophenol can selectively replace the [H2bpy]2+ cations to form adduct 3, thus representing a novel host–guest system for molecular recognition of 4-nitrophenol. This recognition does not occur upon treatment of 4-nitrophenol with 1 which bears a nonplanar [H2tmbpy]2+ cation. Host–guest interactions of pyrogallol, 2,6-dihydroxynaphthalene, and 2,7-dihydroxynaphthalene with the parent complexes 1 and 2 were studied, resulting in the crystallization of 4–7. The crystal structures of 5–7 show that guest organic molecules are accommodated in the layers of zinc dipicolinate anions. The formation of different water clusters is also discussed. In addition, topological analysis and classification of the H-bonded patterns driven by strong hydrogen bonds between the [H2bpy]2+ or [H2tmbpy]2+ cations and the [Zn(pdc)2]2− anions, and organic guest molecules were carried out. This analysis revealed: (i) discrete 0D dimeric (in 1 and 2) or tetrameric (in 7) motifs with 1M2-1 or 1,3M4-1 topology, respectively, (ii) infinite 1D zigzag chains with 2C1 topology in 5, and (iii) infinite 2D layers with the hcb [Shubnikov hexagonal plane net/(6,3)] topology in 6.

Graphical abstract: A modular approach for molecular recognition by zinc dipicolinate complexes

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Feb 2015, accepted on 08 Jul 2015 and first published on 08 Jul 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5DT00652J
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2015,44, 14411-14423
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    A modular approach for molecular recognition by zinc dipicolinate complexes

    K. Shankar, A. M. Kirillov and J. B. Baruah, Dalton Trans., 2015, 44, 14411
    DOI: 10.1039/C5DT00652J

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