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Issue 14, 2015
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Carbon nanomaterials: multi-functional agents for biomedical fluorescence and Raman imaging

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Abstract

Carbon based nanomaterials have emerged over the last few years as important agents for biomedical fluorescence and Raman imaging applications. These spectroscopic techniques utilize either fluorescently labelled carbon nanomaterials or the intrinsic photophysical properties of the carbon nanomaterial. In this review article we present the utilization and performance of several classes of carbon nanomaterials, namely carbon nanotubes, carbon nanohorns, carbon nanoonions, nanodiamonds and different graphene derivatives, which are currently employed for in vitro as well as in vivo imaging in biology and medicine. A variety of different approaches, imaging agents and techniques are examined and the specific properties of the various carbon based imaging agents are discussed. Some theranostic carbon nanomaterials, which combine diagnostic features (i.e. imaging) with cell specific targeting and therapeutic approaches (i.e. drug delivery or photothermal therapy), are also included in this overview.

Graphical abstract: Carbon nanomaterials: multi-functional agents for biomedical fluorescence and Raman imaging

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Sep 2014 and first published on 18 Nov 2014


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C4CS00306C
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2015,44, 4672-4698
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    Carbon nanomaterials: multi-functional agents for biomedical fluorescence and Raman imaging

    J. Bartelmess, S. J. Quinn and S. Giordani, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2015, 44, 4672
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CS00306C

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