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Issue 38, 2015
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Branching ratios for the reactions of OH with ethanol amines used in carbon capture and the potential impact on carcinogen formation in the emission plume from a carbon capture plant

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Abstract

The OH initiated gas-phase chemistry of several amines that are potential candidates for use in post-combustion carbon capture (PCCC) plants have been studied by laser flash photolysis with OH monitored by laser induced fluorescence. The rate coefficients for the reaction of OH with N-methylethanolamine (MMEA) and N,N-dimethylethanolamine (DMEA) have been measured as a function of temperature (∼300–500 K): Image ID:c5cp04083c-t1.gif, Image ID:c5cp04083c-t2.gif. The results for DMEA lie between previous values. This is the first kinetic study of the OH + MMEA reaction. At low pressures in the presence of oxygen, OH is recycled in the DMEA reaction as has been observed for other tertiary amines. Branching ratios for OH abstraction with MEA, DMEA and MMEA are dominated by abstraction from the αCH2 group. Abstraction from N–H is determined to be 0.38 ± 0.06 for MEA and 0.52 ± 0.06 for MMEA at 298 K. The impact of these studies has been assessed by using a modified chemical box model to calculate downwind concentrations of nitramines and nitrosamine formed in the photo-oxidation of MEA. Under clear sky conditions, the simulations suggest that current safe guidelines for nitramines may be significantly exceeded with predicted MEA emission rates.

Graphical abstract: Branching ratios for the reactions of OH with ethanol amines used in carbon capture and the potential impact on carcinogen formation in the emission plume from a carbon capture plant

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Jul 2015, accepted on 02 Sep 2015 and first published on 02 Sep 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CP04083C
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015,17, 25342-25353
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Branching ratios for the reactions of OH with ethanol amines used in carbon capture and the potential impact on carcinogen formation in the emission plume from a carbon capture plant

    L. Onel, M. A. Blitz, J. Breen, A. R. Rickard and P. W. Seakins, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015, 17, 25342
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CP04083C

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