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Issue 9, 2015
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Reactions of allylic radicals that impact molecular weight growth kinetics

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The reactions of allylic radicals have the potential to play a critical role in molecular weight growth (MWG) kinetics during hydrocarbon oxidation and/or pyrolysis. Due to their stability (when compared to alkyl radicals), they can accumulate to relatively high concentrations. Thus, even though the rate coefficients for their various reactions are small, the rates of these reactions may be significant. In this work, we use electronic structure calculations to examine the recombination, addition, and abstraction reactions of allylic radicals. For the recombination reaction of allyl radicals, we assign a high pressure rate rule that is based on experimental data. Once formed, the recombination product can potentially undergo an H-atom abstraction reaction followed by unimolecular cyclization and β-scission reactions. Depending upon the conditions (e.g., higher pressures) these pathways can lead to the formation of stable MWG species. The addition of allylic radicals to olefins can also lead to MWG species formation. Once again, cyclization of the adduct followed by β-scission is an important energy accessible route. Since the recombination and addition reactions produce chemically-activated adducts, we have explored the pressure- and temperature-dependence of the overall rate constants as well as that for the multiple product channels. We describe a strategy for estimating these pressure-dependencies for systems where detailed electronic structure information is not available. We also derive generic rate rules for hydrogen abstraction reactions from olefins and diolefins by methyl and allyl radicals.

Graphical abstract: Reactions of allylic radicals that impact molecular weight growth kinetics

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The article was received on 14 Nov 2014, accepted on 21 Jan 2015 and first published on 23 Jan 2015

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4CP05308G
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015,17, 6255-6273
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    Reactions of allylic radicals that impact molecular weight growth kinetics

    K. Wang, S. M. Villano and A. M. Dean, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015, 17, 6255
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CP05308G

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