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Issue 12, 2015
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Exploring the pressure–temperature behaviour of crystalline and plastic crystalline phases of N-isopropylpropionamide

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Abstract

The phase behaviour of crystalline and plastic crystalline phases of N-(isopropyl)propionamide (NiPPA) has been investigated by X-ray diffraction and a tentative P,T diagram has been constructed. The observed phase transitions are highly dependent on kinetics, and metastable co-existence of both phases can be observed. At lower pressures (up to 400 MPa) the plastic crystalline phase transforms into the crystalline phase as observed for other plastic crystalline systems, although the slopes (dT/dP) for both the liquid-to-plastic crystal and plastic crystal-to-crystal transitions are both positive and likely to run nearly parallel to each other. Higher pressures result in a highly anisotropic deformation of the crystal packing and at around 4 GPa the NiPPA crystals undergo a isosymmetric phase transition. An instability is observed at 350 K and 1400 MPa where the crystalline X-ray diffraction pattern is lost during heating accompanied by a rapid drop in pressure of the cell. This may correspond to a melting event characterised by a negative dTm/dP slope.

Graphical abstract: Exploring the pressure–temperature behaviour of crystalline and plastic crystalline phases of N-isopropylpropionamide

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Jan 2015, accepted on 18 Feb 2015 and first published on 20 Feb 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CE00032G
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2015,17, 2562-2568
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    Exploring the pressure–temperature behaviour of crystalline and plastic crystalline phases of N-isopropylpropionamide

    R. Quesada-Cabrera, Y. Filinchuk, P. F. McMillan, E. Nies, V. Dmitriev and F. Meersman, CrystEngComm, 2015, 17, 2562
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CE00032G

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