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Issue 10, 2015
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Tuning the size and shape of nano-boehmites by a free-additive hydrothermal method

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Abstract

A synthetic procedure allowing the control of boehmite micro and nanoparticles is presented. The proposed hydrothermal synthetic procedure is based on the control of three reaction parameters, the pH and temperature of precipitation of xerogels and the water/xerogel ratio for the hydrothermal process, carried out at 200 °C for 48 h. Results obtained by measurements on transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images indicate that at pH 5 micro or nanorods of controlled length between ca. 300 and 50 nm were obtained depending on the temperature of precipitation of the xerogel (25 or 100 °C) and the water/xerogel ratio used (1/1, 6/1, 15/1). On the contrary, at pH 10, nanoplatelets with major basal dimensions ranging between 50 and 25 nm were prepared with the same values of the mentioned parameters. The implemented methodology for the particle-length determination based on the accumulation of measurements on TEM images was in good agreement with the results obtained from dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements for properly dispersed boehmite nanoparticles, validating its application in the study of these materials. On the basis of X-ray diffraction (XRD) broadening analysis, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images and zeta potential (ζ) results, some details on the mechanism of formation of the final boehmites prepared by hydrothermal aging of precipitated xerogels have been proposed.

Graphical abstract: Tuning the size and shape of nano-boehmites by a free-additive hydrothermal method

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Oct 2014, accepted on 07 Nov 2014 and first published on 07 Nov 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4CE02094D
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2015,17, 2091-2100
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    Tuning the size and shape of nano-boehmites by a free-additive hydrothermal method

    P. Pardo, N. Montoya and J. Alarcón, CrystEngComm, 2015, 17, 2091
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CE02094D

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