Nanoparticles for inhibition of in vitro tumour angiogenesis: synergistic actions of ligand function and laser irradiation
Careful design of nanoparticles plays a crucial role in their biomedical applications. It not only defines the stability of nanoparticles in a biological medium but also programs their biological functionality and specific interactions with cells. Here, an inorganic nanoparticulate system engineered to have a dual role as anti-angiogenic and hyperthermic agent is presented. The inorganic rod-shaped core is designed to strongly absorb near-infrared laser irradiation through the surface plasmon resonance and convert it into localized heat, while a peptide coating acts as an anti-angiogenic drug, altogether inhibiting vascular growth. The synergistic dual action provides an improved inhibition of the in vitro tumour angiogenesis, offering new possibilities for the development of nano-engineered anti-angiogenic drugs for therapies.