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Issue 18, 2014
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Improved electrochromic performance and lithium diffusion coefficient in three-dimensionally ordered macroporous V2O5 films

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Abstract

Three-dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM) vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) films with various pore diameters were prepared by anodic deposition into colloidal crystal templates. The influence of the 3DOM structure on lithium ion (Li+) diffusion coefficient was investigated for the first time. X-ray diffraction analysis and HRTEM measurements show that the skeleton walls are composed of crystallites and amorphous V2O5. The study of electrochromic properties indicates that the pore size has a significant impact on the electrochromic performance. Small pores in the film lead to higher optical contrast and faster switching response. A high transmittance modulation in the visible and near-infrared spectral regions (50% at λ = 650 nm and 47% at λ = 900 nm) with fast response time (1.7 s for coloration and 3.2 s for bleaching) is observed in the 3DOM V2O5 film with a pore size of 210 nm. Because of the fully interconnected macroporous network in the 3DOM structure, the transport and reaction of lithium ions and electrons both behave in an effective 3D model throughout the whole nanostructure. Additionally, due to their influence on the polarization of the electrode and surface defects, sharp nanoscale edges around pores and rough surfaces can further promote Li+ diffusion and intercalation/de-intercalation. The 3DOM V2O5 film with a pore size of 210 nm exhibits a very high Li+ diffusion coefficient of 3.78 × 10−9 cm2 s−1, which is higher than any coefficient ever reported for a V2O5 film.

Graphical abstract: Improved electrochromic performance and lithium diffusion coefficient in three-dimensionally ordered macroporous V2O5 films

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Dec 2013, accepted on 20 Feb 2014 and first published on 24 Feb 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3TC32417F
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2014,2, 3651-3658
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    Improved electrochromic performance and lithium diffusion coefficient in three-dimensionally ordered macroporous V2O5 films

    Z. Tong, J. Hao, K. Zhang, J. Zhao, B. Su and Y. Li, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2014, 2, 3651
    DOI: 10.1039/C3TC32417F

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