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Issue 8, 2014
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Design of new electrode materials for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries from the bloedite mineral Na2Mg(SO4)2·4H2O

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Abstract

Mineralogy offers a large database to search for Li- or Na-based compounds having suitable structural features for acting as electrode materials, LiFePO4 being one example. Here we further explore this avenue and report on the electrochemical properties of the bloedite type compounds Na2M(SO4)2·4H2O (M = Mg, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn) and their dehydrated phases Na2M(SO4)2 (M = Fe, Co), whose structures have been solved via complementary synchrotron X-ray diffraction, neutron powder diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Among these compounds, the hydrated and anhydrous iron-based phases show electrochemical activity with the reversible release/uptake of 1 Na+ or 1 Li+ at high voltages of ∼3.3 V vs. Na+/Na0 and ∼3.6 V vs. Li+/Li0, respectively. Although the reversible capacities remain lower than 100 mA h g−1, we hope this work will stress further the importance of mineralogy as a source of inspiration for designing eco-efficient electrode materials.

Graphical abstract: Design of new electrode materials for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries from the bloedite mineral Na2Mg(SO4)2·4H2O

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Oct 2013, accepted on 21 Nov 2013 and first published on 22 Nov 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3TA13648E
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014,2, 2671-2680
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    Design of new electrode materials for Li-ion and Na-ion batteries from the bloedite mineral Na2Mg(SO4)2·4H2O

    M. Reynaud, G. Rousse, A. M. Abakumov, M. T. Sougrati, G. Van Tendeloo, J. Chotard and J. Tarascon, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 2671
    DOI: 10.1039/C3TA13648E

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