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Issue 1, 2014
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Hexagonal closest-packed spheres liquid crystalline phases stabilised by strongly hydrated counterions

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Abstract

The sequence and structure of lyotropic liquid crystals formed in C12–C16 alkyltrimethylammonium surfactants with hydrolysable and multivalent phosphate (PO43−, HPO42− and H2PO4), oxalate (HC2O4 and C2O42−), and carbonate (HCO3/CO32−) counterions were determined using a concentration gradient method coupled with polarising optical microscopy and small angle X-ray scattering. In addition to the discrete cubic (I1, space group Pm3n) and hexagonal (H1, p6m) phases, almost all of these surfactants also formed the (previously) rare hexagonally closest-packed spheres (HCPS, P63/mmc) phase at compositions between the Pm3n cubic and L1 micellar phases. This structure has not been previously observed in cationic surfactants, but is readily achieved by using strongly hydrated counterions to stabilise spherical micelles at high concentrations.

Graphical abstract: Hexagonal closest-packed spheres liquid crystalline phases stabilised by strongly hydrated counterions

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Sep 2013, accepted on 14 Oct 2013 and first published on 16 Oct 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3SM52339J
Citation: Soft Matter, 2014,10, 83-87
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Hexagonal closest-packed spheres liquid crystalline phases stabilised by strongly hydrated counterions

    C. K. Liu and G. G. Warr, Soft Matter, 2014, 10, 83
    DOI: 10.1039/C3SM52339J

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