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Issue 9, 2014
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Autonomous viscosity oscillation via metallo-supramolecular terpyridine chemistry of branched poly(ethylene glycol) driven by the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction

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Abstract

Herein, we report an autonomous viscosity oscillation of polymer solutions coupled with the metal–ligand association/dissociation between Ru and terpyridine (tpy), driven by the Belousov–Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction. The tpy ligand for the Ru catalyst was attached to the terminals of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) with different numbers of branches (linear-, tetra-, and octa-PEG). It is well known that mono-tpy coordination is stable when Ru is oxidized (Ru(tpy)3+), whereas bis-tpy coordination is stable when the Ru centre is reduced (Ru(tpy)22+). In the oxidized state, the three different polymers existed as solutions. In contrast, when the Ru centre was reduced, gels were obtained for the tetra- and octa-PEG owing to the formation of a three-dimensional polymer network through Ru–tpy coordination. Rheological measurements confirmed that the sol–gel transition occurred much more quickly in the octa-PEG system than in the tetra-PEG system, because of the requirement of fewer crosslinking points. The polymer solutions exhibited self-oscillation of absorbance and viscosity when BZ substrates were added to the solutions of Ru2+–tpy-modified tetra-/octa-PEG. This indicated that the Ru(tpy)22+ attached to the polymer ends could work as a metal catalyst for the BZ reaction. By increasing the number of branches from 4 to 8, the amount of crosslinking changed more remarkably during the oscillation, with a maximum value closer to that necessary for gelation. Thus, viscosity oscillation with a larger amplitude in the region of higher viscosity was achieved by using octa-PEG.

Graphical abstract: Autonomous viscosity oscillation via metallo-supramolecular terpyridine chemistry of branched poly(ethylene glycol) driven by the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Jun 2013, accepted on 05 Jul 2013 and first published on 08 Jul 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3SM51537K
Citation: Soft Matter, 2014,10, 1349-1355
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    Autonomous viscosity oscillation via metallo-supramolecular terpyridine chemistry of branched poly(ethylene glycol) driven by the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction

    T. Ueki, Y. Takasaki, K. Bundo, T. Ueno, T. Sakai, Y. Akagi and R. Yoshida, Soft Matter, 2014, 10, 1349
    DOI: 10.1039/C3SM51537K

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