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Issue 16, 2014
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Study of the electrochemical and optical properties of fullerene and methano[60]fullerenediphosphonate derivatives in solution and as self-assembled structures

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Abstract

Four methanofullerenes with phosphonate groups attached to a C60 core were synthesized to probe their electrochemical and optical properties both in solution and as self-assembled monolayer structures (SAMs). As the methano[60]fullerenediphosphonate is a water soluble derivative of the fullerene it has high potential as an imaging molecule in biological applications and in optoelectronics. For the processing of fullerene based SAMs different electrode substrates (ITO, Au and Si) with specific anchoring groups (zirconium, cysteamine and amino-silane) were used. The formation of the C60-SAMs to the surfaces were investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM), infrared spectroscopy, contact angle measurements and cyclic voltammetry. Using cyclic voltammetry it was shown that the reduction potentials of substituted methanofullerenes, both in solution and as SAMs, were slightly higher as compared with formal potentials of the redox reactions of C60. The AFM results show that the fullerene molecules produce surface features with an apparent height of ∼2 nm. The self-assembly strategy aims towards fabrication of electronic devices with improved interfacial contact, a prerequisite in order to obtain enhanced electron transfer between acceptor–donor materials.

Graphical abstract: Study of the electrochemical and optical properties of fullerene and methano[60]fullerenediphosphonate derivatives in solution and as self-assembled structures

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Nov 2013, accepted on 13 Jan 2014 and first published on 14 Jan 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3RA46740F
Citation: RSC Adv., 2014,4, 8391-8401
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    Study of the electrochemical and optical properties of fullerene and methano[60]fullerenediphosphonate derivatives in solution and as self-assembled structures

    P. Damlin, M. Hätönen, S. E. Domínguez, T. Ääritalo, H. Kivelä and C. Kvarnström, RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 8391
    DOI: 10.1039/C3RA46740F

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