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Issue 17, 2014
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Tailoring porosities and electrochemical properties of composites composed of microfibrillated cellulose and polypyrrole

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Abstract

Composites of polypyrrole and nanocellulose (PPy/nanocellulose) have a high potential as electrodes in energy-storage devices and as membranes for electrochemically controlled ion-exchange systems. In the present work, it is demonstrated that such composites with 42–72% porosity can be produced by using microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) prepared through enzymatic pretreatment or carboxymethylation, or by using different amounts of MFC in the composite synthesis. Together with previous work, this shows that the porosity of PPy/nanocellulose composites can be tailored from 30 to 98% with increments of ∼10%. Employing the full porosity range of the composites, it is demonstrated that the electrochemical oxidation rate of the materials depends on their porosity due to limitations in the counter ion diffusion process. By tailoring the porosities of PPy/nanocellulose composites, the electrochemical properties can consequently be controlled. The latter provides new possibilities for the manufacturing of electrochemically controlled ion-extraction and energy storage devices with optimized volumetric energy and power densities.

Graphical abstract: Tailoring porosities and electrochemical properties of composites composed of microfibrillated cellulose and polypyrrole

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Dec 2013, accepted on 14 Jan 2014 and first published on 16 Jan 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3RA47588C
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: RSC Adv., 2014,4, 8489-8497
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    Tailoring porosities and electrochemical properties of composites composed of microfibrillated cellulose and polypyrrole

    D. O. Carlsson, A. Mihranyan, M. Strømme and L. Nyholm, RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 8489
    DOI: 10.1039/C3RA47588C

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