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Issue 5, 2014
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Analysis of transformations of the ultrafast electron transfer photoreaction mechanism in liquid solutions by the rate distribution approach

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Abstract

Representation of the experimental reaction kinetics in the form of rate distribution is shown to be an effective method for the analysis of the mechanisms of these reactions and for comparisons of the kinetics with QC calculations, as well as with the experimental data on the medium mobility. The rate constant distribution function P(k) can be obtained directly from the experimental kinetics N(t) by an inverse Laplace transform. The application of this approach to kinetic data for several excited-state electron transfer reactions reveals the transformations of their rate control factors in the time domain of 1–1000 ps. In neat electron donating solvents two components are observed. The fastest component (k > 1 ps−1) was found to be controlled by the fluctuations of the overall electronic coupling matrix element, involving all the reactant molecules, located inside the interior of the solvent shell, rather than for specific pairs of reactant molecules. The slower component (1 > k > 0.1 ps−1) is controlled by the medium reorganization (longitudinal relaxation times, τL). A substantial contribution from the non-stationary diffusion controlled reaction is observed in diluted solutions ([Q] < 1 M). No contribution from the long-distance electron transfer (electron tunneling) proposed earlier for the excited-state electron transfer between perylene and tetracyanoethylene in acetonitrile is observed. The rate distribution approach provides a simple and efficient method for the quantitative analysis of the reaction mechanism and transformation of the rate control factors in the course of the reactions.

Graphical abstract: Analysis of transformations of the ultrafast electron transfer photoreaction mechanism in liquid solutions by the rate distribution approach

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Nov 2013, accepted on 21 Jan 2014 and first published on 23 Jan 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3PP50388G
Citation: Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2014,13, 770-780
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    Analysis of transformations of the ultrafast electron transfer photoreaction mechanism in liquid solutions by the rate distribution approach

    M. G. Kuzmin and I. V. Soboleva, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2014, 13, 770
    DOI: 10.1039/C3PP50388G

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