Nitroxide-labeled pyrimidines for non-covalent spin-labeling of abasic sites in DNA and RNA duplexes
Non-covalent and site-directed spin labeling gives easy access to spin-labeled nucleic acids for the study of their structure and dynamics by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. In a search for improved spin labels for non-covalent binding to abasic sites in duplex DNA and RNA, ten pyrimidine-derived spin labels were prepared in good yields and their binding was evaluated by continuous wave (CW)-EPR spectroscopy. Most of the spin labels showed lower binding affinity than the previously reported label ç towards abasic sites in DNA and RNA. The most promising labels were triazole-linked spin labels and a pyrrolocytosine label. In particular, the N1-ethylamino derivative of a triazole-linked uracil spin label binds fully to both DNA and RNA containing an abasic site. This is the first example of a spin label that binds fully through non-covalent interactions with an abasic site in RNA.