Discrimination of adenine nucleotides and pyrophosphate in water by a zinc complex of an anthracene-based cyclophane
Combining metal–anion coordination and π–π stacking interactions, a zinc complex of a novel anthracene-based cyclophane was designed to recognise adenine nucleoside polyphosphates. This complex was found to show selective fluorescence enhancement for ATP, ADP, AMP and PPi in neutral aqueous solution. Among them, ADP induced the largest fluorescence change to the complex, while ATP showed the strongest binding affinity to the complex. This property was used to sense ATP in the presence of excess amounts of other phosphates such as ADP, AMP, PPi and Pi.