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Issue 24, 2014
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The atomistic mechanism of carbon nanotube cutting catalyzed by nickel under an electron beam

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Abstract

The cutting of single-walled carbon nanotubes by an 80 keV electron beam catalyzed by nickel clusters is imaged in situ using aberration-corrected high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Extensive molecular dynamics simulations within the CompuTEM approach provide insight into the mechanism of this process and demonstrate that the combination of irradiation and the nickel catalyst is crucial for the cutting process to take place. The atomistic mechanism of cutting is revealed by a detailed analysis of irradiation-induced reactions of bond reorganization and atom ejection in the vicinity of the nickel cluster, showing a highly complex interplay of different chemical transformations catalysed by the metal cluster. One of the most prevalent pathways includes three consecutive stages: formation of polyyne carbon chains from the carbon nanotube, dissociation of the carbon chains into single and pairs of adatoms adsorbed on the nickel cluster, and ejection of these adatoms leading to the cutting of the nanotube. Significant variations in the atom ejection rate are discovered depending on the process stage and nanotube diameter. The revealed mechanism and kinetic characteristics of the cutting process provide fundamental knowledge for the development of new methodologies for control and manipulation of carbon structures at the nanoscale.

Graphical abstract: The atomistic mechanism of carbon nanotube cutting catalyzed by nickel under an electron beam

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Aug 2014, accepted on 06 Oct 2014 and first published on 09 Oct 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4NR05006A
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Nanoscale, 2014,6, 14877-14890
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    The atomistic mechanism of carbon nanotube cutting catalyzed by nickel under an electron beam

    I. V. Lebedeva, T. W. Chamberlain, A. M. Popov, A. A. Knizhnik, T. Zoberbier, J. Biskupek, U. Kaiser and A. N. Khlobystov, Nanoscale, 2014, 6, 14877
    DOI: 10.1039/C4NR05006A

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