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Issue 5, 2014
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Aerobic oxidation of biomass derived 5-hydroxymethylfurfural into 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxylic acid catalyzed by a montmorillonite K-10 clay immobilized molybdenum acetylacetonate complex

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Abstract

In this study, we have successfully prepared a heterogeneous catalyst (K-10 clay-Mo) by the immobilization of bis(acetylacetonato) dioxo-molybdenum(VI) [MoO2(acac)2] on montmorillonite K-10 clay. The structure of the resultant catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electronic microscopy (TEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The catalytic activity of K-10 clay-Mo was tested in the aerobic oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). Although a molecule of HMF contains one hydroxyl group and one aldehyde group, to our surprise, the catalyst showed high catalytic activity for the oxidation of the aldehyde group of HMF into 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxylic acid (HMFCA). A variety of important reaction parameters such as the reaction temperature, catalyst amount, and solvent were explored. HMFCA could be obtained in a high yield of 86.9% with a HMF conversion of 100% after a short reaction time of 3 h in toluene. More importantly, the catalyst K-10 clay-Mo could be reused several times without a significant loss of its catalytic activity.

Graphical abstract: Aerobic oxidation of biomass derived 5-hydroxymethylfurfural into 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxylic acid catalyzed by a montmorillonite K-10 clay immobilized molybdenum acetylacetonate complex

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Jan 2014, accepted on 11 Feb 2014 and first published on 25 Mar 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4GC00062E
Citation: Green Chem., 2014,16, 2762-2770
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    Aerobic oxidation of biomass derived 5-hydroxymethylfurfural into 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxylic acid catalyzed by a montmorillonite K-10 clay immobilized molybdenum acetylacetonate complex

    Z. Zhang, B. Liu, K. Lv, J. Sun and K. Deng, Green Chem., 2014, 16, 2762
    DOI: 10.1039/C4GC00062E

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