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Volume 176, 2014
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Data-driven discovery of energy materials: efficient BaM2Si3O10 : Eu2+ (M = Sc, Lu) phosphors for application in solid state white lighting

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Abstract

In developing phosphors for application in solid state lighting, it is advantageous to target structures from databases with highly condensed polyhedral networks that produce rigid host compounds. Rigidity limits channels for non-radiative decay that will decrease the luminescence quantum yield. BaM2Si3O10 (M = Sc, Lu) follows this design criterion and is studied here as an efficient Eu2+-based phosphor. M = Sc3+ and Lu3+ compounds with Eu2+ substitution were prepared and characterized using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Substitution with Eu2+ according to Ba1−xEuxSc2Si3O10 and Ba1−xEuxLu2Si3O10 results in UV-to-blue and UV-to-blue-green phosphors, respectively. Interestingly, substitution with Eu2+ in the Lu3+ containing material produces two emission peaks at low temperature and with 365 nm excitation, as allowed by the two substitution sites. The photoluminescence of the Sc3+ compound is robust at high temperature, decreasing by only 25% of its room temperature intensity at 503 K, while the Lu-analogue suffers a large drop (75%) from its room temperature intensity. The decrease in emission intensity is explained as stemming from charge transfer quenching due to the short distances separating the luminescent centers on the Lu3+ substitution site. The correlation between structure and optical response in these two compounds indicates that even though the structures are three-dimensionally connected, high symmetry is required to prevent structural distortions that could impact photoluminescence.

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Jun 2014, accepted on 18 Jul 2014 and first published on 16 Jan 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4FD00125G
Citation: Faraday Discuss., 2014,176, 333-347
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    Data-driven discovery of energy materials: efficient BaM2Si3O10 : Eu2+ (M = Sc, Lu) phosphors for application in solid state white lighting

    J. Brgoch, K. Hasz, K. A. Denault, C. K. H. Borg, A. A. Mikhailovsky and R. Seshadri, Faraday Discuss., 2014, 176, 333
    DOI: 10.1039/C4FD00125G

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