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Issue 6, 2014
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Towards low-cost, environmentally friendly printed chalcopyrite and kesterite solar cells

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Abstract

Solution-processed organic and inorganic semiconductors offer a promising path towards low-cost mass production of solar cells. Among the various material systems, solution processing of multicomponent inorganic semiconductors offers considerable promise due to their excellent electronic properties and superior photo- and thermal stability. This review surveys the recent developments of “all solution-processed” copper–indium (–gallium)-chalcogenide (CuInS2, CuInSe2 and Cu(In, Ga)(Se, S)2) chalcopyrites and copper–zinc–tin-chalcogenide (Cu2ZnSnS4 and Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTS(e))) kesterite solar cells. A brief overview further addresses some of the most critical material aspects and associated loss mechanisms in chalcopyrite and kesterite devices. Today's state-of-the-art performance as well as future challenges to achieve low-cost and environmentally friendly production is discussed.

Graphical abstract: Towards low-cost, environmentally friendly printed chalcopyrite and kesterite solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Nov 2013, accepted on 05 Mar 2014 and first published on 05 Mar 2014


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C3EE43865A
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2014,7, 1829-1849
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Towards low-cost, environmentally friendly printed chalcopyrite and kesterite solar cells

    H. Azimi, Y. Hou and C. J. Brabec, Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 1829
    DOI: 10.1039/C3EE43865A

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