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Issue 39, 2014
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Phosphine complexes of aluminium(III) halides – preparation and structural and spectroscopic systematics

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Abstract

Six-coordinate pseudo-octahedral complexes trans-[AlX2(L–L)2][AlX4] (X = Cl, Br or I; L–L = o-C6H4(PMe2)2, Me2P(CH2)2PMe2) are produced from reaction of AlX3 with the diphosphine in CH2Cl2 (X = Cl) or toluene (X = Br or I) solution. Four-coordinate dimers [Cl3Al(μ-L′–L′)AlCl3] (L′–L′ = Me2P(CH2)2PMe2, Cy2P(CH2)2PCy2), and the tetrahedral cation [AlCl2{o-C6H4(PPh2)2}][AlCl4] were also obtained. Both four- and five-coordinate complexes [AlX3(PMe3)] and [AlX3(PMe3)2] could be isolated with PMe3 depending upon the ratio of reagents used. These extremely moisture sensitive complexes have been characterised by microanalysis, IR and multinuclear NMR (1H, 31P{1H} and 27Al) spectroscopy. X-ray crystal structures are reported for [AlCl2{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}2][AlCl4], [AlCl2{Me2P(CH2)2PMe2}2][AlCl4], [Cl3Al{μ-Me2P(CH2)2PMe2}AlCl3], [Cl3Al{μ-Cy2P(CH2)2PCy2}AlCl3], [AlCl3(PMe3)], [AlCl3(PMe3)2], and for the six-coordinate cation complex [AlCl2{o-C6H4(PPh2)2}2][AlCl4], although a bulk sample of the last could not be isolated. Tertiary arsines (AsPh3 or AsEt3) form only 1 : 1 complexes even with excess arsine present. The unstable [AlCl2{o-C6H4(AsMe2)2}][AlCl4] is also described, and shown to decompose rapidly in CH2Cl2 solution to form the diquaternised diarsine cation [o-C6H4(AsMe2)2(CH2)][AlCl4]2, which was fully characterised. Comparisons are drawn with the corresponding gallium(III) systems (Cheng et al., Inorg. Chem., 2007, 46, 7215–7223) and with AlX3 complexes of Group 16 ligands (George et al., Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 3637–3648), and it is concluded that the differences between the Al and Ga systems reflect the higher Lewis acidity of aluminium(III) towards soft donor ligands.

Graphical abstract: Phosphine complexes of aluminium(iii) halides – preparation and structural and spectroscopic systematics

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Jul 2014, accepted on 08 Aug 2014 and first published on 08 Aug 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4DT02051K
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2014,43, 14600-14611
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    Phosphine complexes of aluminium(III) halides – preparation and structural and spectroscopic systematics

    J. Burt, W. Levason, M. E. Light and G. Reid, Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 14600
    DOI: 10.1039/C4DT02051K

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